Difference between Policy and Politics

Aug 27, 2011 by

What is the Difference between Policy and Politics?

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  1. khristine

    To some people, especially non-English speaking individuals, the terms policy and politics may seem to be quite confusing probably because the two words starts with the same first two syllables. But the point of this article is that policy and politics are two different terms that have separated meaning and sense.

    To clarify the differences between the two, policy is distinct from politics in a manner that the former is referred to as a set of rules and principles that guides any public or private agencies and organizations in attaining a common goal. It is sometimes regarded as a form of a protocol or system that helps a group in their decision making in order to accomplish sensible results.

    Politics, in another way, is often referred to as a science or art of governing, as well as any matter or issues relating to the affairs of the state. In a broader sense, politics can be applied to any relations within a community that implements power, influence, and authority towards other people or group of individuals. Politics can be observed not just in the government but also in academic institutions, in business organizations, and in religious groups. It is through politics that a policy is used in order to direct, control, and manage a group.

    In terms of word history, Policy refers to the system of public administration, management, or governance which was derived from the Old French term “policie” and Greek word “politeia”. Politics, in contrast, is also derived from Greek words “politika” and “politicos” which stand for “affairs of the city” and “for citizens, of citizens, or associating with citizens” in that order.

    Policy can be classified in various types like public and private policy, human resource policy, communications and information policy and company policy to name a few. Politics, for the most part, deals with a state’s economic and governmental affairs including its policies, transitions, and development.

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